“Qualitative research step by step” by Sam Ladner

This month we looked more closely at the idea of television addiction and the choices that people make with regard to their television viewing. The literature appears to agree that television addiction does exist, and that it describes a particular set of behaviors that resemble drug or alcohol addiction. We found that television choices are influenced by a variety of external factors, and the way that people justify or explain their television viewing to others is also affected by outside influences. The research indicates that for some people, television is a fulfilling activity that they actively choose from a set of other activities, but for others, television takes the place of other activities that would be more meaningful to them.

Gupta, V., Nwosa, N., Nadel, T., & Inamdar, S. (2001). Externalizing behaviors and television viewing in children of low-income minority parents. Clinical Pediatrics, 40(6), 337–41. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11824177

Hendriks Vettehen, P., Konig, R. P., Westerik, H., & Beentjes, H. (2012). Explaining television choices: The influence of parents and partners. Poetics, 40(6), 565–585. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304422X12000605

Horvath, C. W. (n.d.). Measuring Television Addiction. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 48(3). Retrieved fromhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s15506878jobem4803_3?journalCode=hbem20#.Vji50KL88gg

Lampard, A., Jurkowski, J., & Davison, K. (2012). Social-cognitive predictors of low-income parents’ restriction of screen time among preschool-aged children. Health Education & Behavior: The Official Publication Of The Society For Public Health Education, 40(5), 526–30. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23239766

McCoy, C. A., & Scarborough, R. C. (2014). Watching “bad” television: Ironic consumption, camp, and guilty pleasures. Poetics,47, 41–59. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304422X14000576

Simons, N. (2015). TV drama as a social experience: An empirical investigation of the social dimensions of watching TV drama in the age of non-linear television. Communications: The European Journal of Communication Research, 40(2), 219–236. Retrieved from http://www.researchgate.net/publication/279280934_TV_drama_as_a_social_experience_An_empirical_investigation_of_the_social_dimensions_of_watching_TV_drama_in_the_age_of_non-linear_television

Sussman, S., & Moran, M. B. (2013). Hidden addiction: Television. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 2(3), 125–132. Retrieved from http://www.akademiai.com/doi/pdf/10.1556/JBA.2.2013.008

Thompson, D., Matson, P., & Ellen, J. (2013). Television viewing in low-income latino children: variation by ethnic subgroup and English proficiency. Childhood Obesity, 9(1), 22–8. Retrieved from http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/chi.2012.0113

Van der Goot, M., Beentjes, J. W. J., & van Selm, M. (2015). Older adults’ television viewing as part of selection and compensation strategies. Communications: The European Journal of Communication Research, 40(1), 93–111. Retrieved fromhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication

Xu, J., Forman, C., Kim, J. B., & Van Ittersum, K. (2014). News Media Channels: Complements or Substitutes? Evidence from Mobile Phone Usage. Journal of Marketing, 78(4), 97–112. Retrieved from http://journals.ama.org/doi/abs/10.1509/jm.13.0198

We also began conducting phone interviews with adults of low socio-economic status to investigate why people make the choices they do when it comes to watching television vs. attending arts events. This qualitative information will help us to flesh out the preliminary conclusions we arrived at in our feature article “Why Don’t They Come?” So far the interviews have been quite revealing in terms of what types of programs people like and deem relevant, as well as identifying barriers to entry or participation. We are currently seeking more interviewees, so if you or someone you know is above the age of 25 and has achieved some college or less, please email info@createquity.com with the subject line “TV Watcher” and we will be happy to schedule a 30 minute phone interview. In exchange for your/their time we can offer a small sum.

Meanwhile, we continued our bibliographic research on the history of change in the arts ecosystem in two areas: the expansion of the nonprofit arts sector and technological change and the arts. Given the breadth of the topics we’re addressing in these reviews, we’ve started to narrow our focus somewhat by prioritizing certain turning points, trends and developments, based on our preliminary review of the available literature. In the expansion of the nonprofit sector we are focusing on the are the growth of private and public funding for arts nonprofits since 1950 and professionalization within the nonprofit arts sector. We are currently prioritizing and reviewing resources that were added to Zotero last month during our initial scan of the literature. In the technology area, our research has focused primarily on music this month. New additions to our Zotero library in this area include:

Aguiar, Luis, and Bertin Martens. “Digital Music Consumption on the Internet: Evidence from Clickstream Data.” Digital Economy Working Paper. European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, 2013. tp.jrc.es/EURdoc/JRC79605.pdf.

Albright, Dann. “The Evolution of Music Consumption: How We Got Here.” MakeUseOf, April 30, 2015. http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/the-evolution-of-music-consumption-how-we-got-here/.

Bahanovich, David, and Dennis Collopy. “Music Experience and Behaviour in Young People 2009 and 2011.” University of Hertfordshire’s Music and Entertainment Industries Research Group.

Bert Weijters, Frank Goedertier. “Online Music Consumption in Today’s Technological Context: Putting the Influence of Ethics in Perspective.” Journal of Business Ethics 124, no. 4 (2014): 537–50.

Beuscart, Jean-Samuel, and Thomas Couronné. “The Distribution of Online Reputation: Audience and Influence of Musicians on MySpace.” Proceedings of the Third International ICWSM Conference (Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence), 2009.

“Edison Research Conducts First Ever Share of Ear Measurement For All Forms Of Online And Offline Audio – Edison Research.” http://www.edisonresearch.com/edison-research-conducts-first-ever-share-of-ear-measurement-for-all-forms-of-online-and-offline-audio/.

Huang, Chun-Yao. “File Sharing as a Form of Music Consumption.” International Journal of Electronic Commerce 9, no. 4 (July 1, 2005): 37–55.

“IFPI DIgital Music Report 2015: Charting the Path to Sustainable Growth,” 2015.
Madden, Mary. “The State of Music Online: Ten Years After Napster.” Pew Research Center, June 15, 2009. http://www.pewinternet.org/2009/06/15/the-state-of-music-online-ten-years-after-napster/.

Midem, and Nielsen. “The Hyper‐fragmentedworld of Music: Marketing Considerations and Revenue Maximisation,” 2011. http://www.nielsen.com/us/en/insights/reports/2011/hyper-fragmented-world-of-music.html.

Morris, Jeremy Wade. Selling Digital Music, Formatting Culture. Univ of California Press, 2015.
Nielsen. “2014 Nielsen Music U.S. Report,” 2014.

O’Hara, Kenton, Barry Brown, and Michael Bull, eds. “Investigating the Culture of Mobile Listening: From Walkman to iPod.” InConsuming Music Together: Social and Collaborative Aspects of Music Consumption Technologies. Springer Science & Business Media, 2006.

Prior, Nick. “The Rise of the New Amateurs: Popular Music, Digital Technology and the Fate of Cultural Production.” https://www.academia.edu/354591/The_Rise_of_the_New_Amateurs_Popular_Music_Digital_Technology_and_the_Fate_of_Cultural_Production.

Suskind, Alex. “15 Years After Napster: How the Music Service Changed the Industry.” The Daily Beast. http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/06/06/15-years-after-napster-how-the-music-service-changed-the-industry.html.

Tavana, Art. “Democracy of Sound: Is GarageBand Good for Music?” Pitchfork, September 30, 2015. http://pitchfork.com/features/articles/9728-democracy-of-sound-is-garageband-good-for-music/.

Tschmuck, Peter. “Is Streaming the Next Big Thing? – What Consumers Want | Music Business Research.” https://musicbusinessresearch.wordpress.com/2013/10/18/is-streaming-the-next-big-thing-what-consumers-want/.

Voida, Amy, Rebecca E. Grinter, and Nicholoas Ducheneaut. “Social Practices around iTunes.” In Consuming Music Together: Social and Collaborative Aspects of Music Consumption Technologies, edited by Kenton O’Hara and Barry Brown. Springer Science & Business Media, 2006.

Witt, Stephen. How Music Got Free: The End of an Industry, the Turn of the Century, and the Patient Zero of Piracy. New York: Viking, 2015.

———. “The Man Who Broke the Music Business: The Dawn of Online Piracy.” The New Yorker, April 27, 2015.http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2015/04/27/the-man-who-broke-the-music-business.