As noted in our last update, we’re working on an investigation of the relationship between arts participation and economic disadvantage. Since February, we’ve made some additional progress in the course of preparing our first feature article on this topic. We’ve reviewed five new sources and also done “deeper dives” on five of the publications that were a part of our original investigation. This brings our total bibliography on the topic to 33 sources thus far. Here are the updates:

New Sources Reviewed: Arts and Economic Disadvantage (March-April 2015)

Hill, T. (2009). Time Use, Gender and Disadvantage in Australia: Conventional Income and “Full Income” Approaches to Estimation. Economic and Labour Relations Review, 20(1), 13–33. Retrieved from

Katz, J. (2015, January 6). How Nonemployed Americans Spend Their Weekdays: Men vs. Women. The New York Times. Retrieved from

Novak-Leonard, J., & Brown, A. (2011). Beyond Attendance: A Multi-Modal Understanding of Arts Participation (Research Report No. 54). National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved from

Silber, B., & Triplett, T. (2015). A Decade of Arts Engagement: Findings from the Survey of Public Participation in the Arts, 2002–2012 (No. 58). National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved from

Why is Everyone So Busy? (2014, December 20). The Economist. Retrieved from

Deeper Dives: Arts and Economic Disadvantage (March-April 2015)

Goodin, R. E., Mahmud Rice, J., Bittman, M., & Saunders, P. (2005). The Time- Pressure Illusion: Discretionary Time vs. Free Time. Social Indicators Research, 73(1), 43–70. Retrieved from

Hamermesh, Daniel and Jungmin Lee. 2007. “Stressed out on Four Continents: Time Crunch or Yuppie Kvetch?” 89(1):374–83. Retrieved from

Robinson, J. P., & Godbey, G. (2005). Busyness as Usual. Social Research, 72(2), 407–426. Retrieved from

Robinson, J. P., & Martin, S. (2009). Changes in American Daily Life: 1965-2005. Social Indicators Research, 93(1), 47–56. Retrieved from

Sevilla, A., Gimenez-Nadal, J., & Gershuny, J. (2012). Leisure Inequality in the United States: 1965-2003. Demography, 49(3), 939–964. Retrieved from


Meanwhile, we have a Createquity Labs research project that has been ongoing since December that is taking a look at the role of the arts in quality of life/wellbeing. We are preparing another feature article to share findings from this investigation. While this Labs project, being exploratory in nature, is not seeking to test formal hypotheses, it has been guided by the following research questions:

  1. How is quality of life defined? How is it measured?
  2. How do the arts contribute to quality of life?
  3. Where is the strongest overlap between core benefits of the arts and core components of quality of life?

(Note that while we started out using the “quality of life” terminology, our research soon led us to discover the literature on wellbeing which we have since incorporated into this work and adopted as the main frame.) Below are the sources we’ve reviewed thus far for the arts and wellbeing investigation:

Sources Reviewed: Arts and Wellbeing (December 2014-April 2015)

Alkire, S. (2008). The Capability Approach to the Quality of Life. Retrieved from

Arts Council England. (2014). The Value of Arts and Culture to People and Society: An Evidence Review. Retrieved from

Canadian Index of Wellbeing. (2012). How are Canadians Really Doing? 2012 CIW Report. Waterloo, ON: Canadian Index of Wellbeing and University of Waterloo. Retrieved from

Carnwath, J. D. & Brown, A. S. (2014). Understanding the Value and Impacts of Cultural Experiences: A Literature Review. WolfBrown and Arts Council England. Retrieved from

Chancel, L. (2014). Beyond GDP indicators: To what end? Retrieved from

Fujiwara, D. (2013). Museum’s and Happiness: The Value of Participating in Museums and the Arts. Retrieved from

Fujiwara, D., Kudrna, L., & Dolan, P. (2014). Quantifying and Valuing the Wellbeing Impacts of Culture and Sport. Department for Culture, Media and Sport. Retrieved from

Fujiwara, D., Kudrna, L., & Dolan, P. (2014b). Quantifying the Social Impacts of Culture and Sport. Scotland Department of Culture, Media and Sport. Retrieved from

Hagerty, M. R., Cummins, R., Ferriss, A. L., Land, K., Michalos, A. C., Peterson, M., … Vogel, J. (2001). Quality of Life Indexes for National Policy: Review and Agenda for Research. Bulletin de Methodologie Sociologique, 71(1), 58–78. Retrieved from

Jackson, M.-R., & Herranz, J. (2002). Culture Counts in Communities: A Framework for Measurement (Research Report). The Urban Institute. Retrieved from

Jackson, M.-R., Kabwasa-Green, F., & Herranz, J. (2006). Cultural Vitality in Communities: Interpretation and Indicators. The Urban Institute. Retrieved from

Jones, S. (2010). Culture Shock. London: Demos. Retrieved from

The Lottery of Life. (2012). The Economist. Retrieved from

The Lottery of Life Methodology. (2012). The Economist. Retrieved from

Matarasso, F. (1997). Use or Ornament? The Social Impact of Participation in the Arts. Comedia. Retrieved from

McCarthy, K., Ondaatje, E., Zakaras, L., Brooks, A., & RAND. (2004). Gifts of the Muse: Reframing the Debate About the Benefits of the Arts. RAND. Retrieved from

Medvedeva, M., Novak-Leonard, J., Brown, A. (2011). Audience Impact Study: Literature Review. National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved from

Michalos, A.C., Smale, B., Labonté, R., Muharjarine, N., Scott, K., Moore, K., … Hyman, I. (2011). The Canadian Index of Wellbeing. Technical Report 1.0. Waterloo, ON: Canadian Index of Wellbeing and University of Waterloo. Retrieved from

National Endowment for the Arts. (2012). How Art Works. Retrieved from

OECD. (2013). How’s Life? 2013. OECD Publishing. Retrieved from

OECD. (2014). Society at a Glance 2014. OECD Publishing. Retrieved from

OECD Better Life Index. (n.d.). Retrieved January 24, 2015, from

Prescott-Allen, R. (2001). The Wellbeing of Nations: A Country-By-Country Index of Quality of Life and the Environment (1 edition). Washington, DC: Island Press.

Scottish Government, S. A. H. (2006). Quality of Life and Well-being: Measuring the Benefits of Culture and Sport: Literature Review and Thinkpiece [Research Publications]. Retrieved from

Sen, A. (2004). How does culture matter?’. In V. Rao & M. Walton (Eds.), Culture and Public Action. Stanford UP. Retrieved from

Social Progress Index – Methodology. (2014). Retrieved January 22, 2015, from

Stern, M. J., & Seifert, S.C. (2013). Cultural Ecology, Neighborhood Vitality, and Social Wellbeing – A Philadelphia Project. University of Pennsylvania Social Impact of the Arts Project (SIAP). Retrieved from

Stiglitz, J. E., Sen, A., & Fitoussi, J.P. (2009). Report by the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress. Retrieved from

Stone, A. & Mackie, C., eds. Subjective Well-Being: Measuring Happiness, Suffering, and Other Dimensions of Experience. (2013). Retrieved from

Tepper, S. (2014). Artful Living: Examining the Relationship Between Artistic Practice and Subjective Wellbeing Across Three National Surveys. The Curb Center for Art, Enterprise, and Public Policy at Vanderbilt University. Retrieved from

Topos Partnership for the Fine Arts Fund. (2010). The Arts Ripple Effect: A Research-Based Strategy to Build Shared Responsibility for the Arts. Retrieved from

United Nations Development Programme. (n.d.). Human Development Index (HDI). Retrieved January 23, 2015, from

United Nations Development Programme. (n.d.). Inequality-Adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI). Retrieved January 23, 2015, from

Ura, K., Alkire, S., Zangmo, T., Wangdi, K. (2012). A Short Guide to Gross National Happiness. (n.d.). Thimphu, Bhutan: Centre for Bhutan Studies. Retrieved January 23, 2015, from

Urban Institute. (2014). The Validating Arts & Livability Indicators (VALI) Study: Results and Recommendations. Retrieved January 23, 2015, from

Yang, L. (2014). An Inventory of Composite Measures of Human Progress | Human Development Reports. UNDP Human Development Report Office. Retrieved from


We look forward to sharing our initial insights from these investigations soon. As always, if you are familiar with any of these sources and/or know of additional research that you think may be pertinent to our work, we welcome your thoughts in the comments. We would like to thank Kiley Arroyo, Sunil Iyengar, Sharon Stout, and Sarah Wilbur for pointing us in the direction of resources on the above lists.